Writtle University College and ARU have merged. Writtle’s full range of college, degree, postgraduate and short courses will still be delivered on the Writtle campus. See our guide to finding Writtle information on this site.


Dennis Badeen

The Global Sustainability Institute (GSI) is pleased to be hosting the Pluralistic Economics for Development in Green Economic Enhancement (PEDIGREE) project.

This is a European Commission Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellowship for Dr Dennis Badeen from Canada. The projects runs February 2016–January 2018.

The question of which economic framework,or sets of frameworks, is (are) appropriate for providing policy prescriptions conducive to ecological sustainability has gained renewed interest within the community of ecological economists and political economists. To help answer this question, Dr Badeen proposed to investigate the suitability of four economic frameworks, for providing effective and coherent policy prescriptions for renewable and sustainable energy resources, specifically for electricity generation.

  • Neoclassical environmental economics.
  • Non-Walrasian neoclassical environmental economics.
  • Institutional ecological economics.
  • Ecological Marxian political economy.

The four frameworks are being reviewed against case studies of the UK, Germany, Norway, France, Canada, and the US. The case studies comprise of analyses of the socio-economic, historical, political, and cultural backdrop of energy resources in each country. The results of this research will then be used to assess the suitability of the four frameworks for providing policy recommendations helpful in working towards ecological sustainability, looking specifically at their respective methodologies including ontology, epistemology, methodology (to include methods as well), and ideology. Multiple methodologies and the diversity of economic frameworks which include ecological sustainability will be assessed.

Papers and book chapters will be published from this project and made available on this web page as they are produced.