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Dr Dan Robbins

Senior Lecturer

Medical Technology Research Centre

Faculty of Health, Medicine and Social Care
School of Allied Health and Social Care
Areas of Expertise:
Anatomy and physiology , Biomechanics of human movement , Medical statistics
Research Supervision:

Dr Robbins is a Senior Lecturer and Lead of the Biomechanics, Optics, Robotics and Imaging Research Group (BORI), part of ARU's Medical Technology Research Centre (MTRC). He has specialist knowledge of the structure and function of the human body, focussing on peripheral neurophysiology and vascular function. He is also a Clinical Biomechanist within the Mid and South Essex NHS Trust.

[email protected]

Find out more about ARU's Biomechanics, Optics, Robotics and Imaging Research Group

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Before joining ARU, Dr Robbins taught at multiple higher education institutes, including the University of Greenwich, University of Bedfordshire and Imperial College London.

Prior to working in academia, Dr Robbins worked in clinical exercise, specialising in corrective exercise; his experience in the leisure industry included working within a GP referral scheme and interacting with health professionals such as physiotherapists and complementary therapists.

After leaving the leisure industry, Dr Robbins worked for the NHS at the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital in the department of Clinical Neurophysiology. This position involved performing intraoperative monitoring of surgical procedures, such as operations on the spine and/or peripheral nerves and working within outpatient clinics investigating muscle and nerve dysfunction via electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction studies (NCS).

Research interests

  • Structure and function of muscles, bones and/or joints
  • Peripheral vascular function
  • Peripheral neurophysiology
  • Signal processing, typically of biological signals
  • Product validation, for example how products affect and/or measure the human body
  • Medical statistical analysis

Areas of research supervision


  • MSc (Research) The Relationship between Muscle Contraction Intensity and Myoelectrical Activity
  • MSc (Research) Investigation in to the Coefficient of Friction of Manual Therapy Products
  • MSc (Research) Investigating Clinical Taping Strategies for the Foot



  • PhD Human Physiological and Biomechanical Responses to Vibration Exercise
  • MSc (Research) Soft Tissue Plasticity, with Neurobiology and Neuromuscular Function
  • MSc Biomechanics
  • PgCert Gait Analysis
  • PgCAP Academic Practice
  • BSc (Hons) Sports Science with Fitness

Memberships, editorial boards

  • Anatomical Society (Full member)
  • Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM) (Full member)
  • British Peripheral Nerve Society (BPNS) (Full member)
  • Higher Education Academy (Fellow)
  • NASM (National Academy of Sports Medicine) - Corrective Exercise Specialist
  • Editorial Board member – Gait & Posture

Selected recent publications

Journal articles

Zhu, Y., Lu, W., Zhang, R., Wang, R., Robbins, D., 2022. Dual-channel cascade pose estimation network trained on infrared thermal image and groundtruth annotation for real-time gait measurement. Medical Image Analysis, 79, 102435.

Hawkey, A., Robbins, D., 2020. Effects of vibration on mechanical efficiency during cycling. Asian Exercise and Sport Science Journal, 4(2).

Bedford, S., Robbins, D., Fletcher, I., 2018. Effects of an Active Warm Up and Warm Up Massage on Agility, Perceived Exertion, and Flexibility in Tennis Players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Tennis, 23(2), pp. 16-22.

Howard, L., Poynter, C., Barry-Wilson, S., Robbins, D., 2017. Taping pressures of experienced and novice MSK therapists. GJSEPER, 5, Suppl. 1: S179.

Bateman, C., Carter, C., Hammond, L., Robbins, D., 2017. Hip rotation & footprint index. GJSEPER, 5, Suppl. 1: S165.

Bedford, S., Robbins, D., 2016. The Acute Effects of Massage Are Not Detrimental To Grip Strength in Sub- Elite Racquet Players. Journal of Medicine and Science in Tennis, 21(1), pp. 24-27.

Robbins, D., Yoganathan, P., Goss-Sampson, M., 2014. The influence of whole body vibration on the central and peripheral cardiovascular system. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 34(5), pp. 364-9.

Book chapters

Lindley, S., Robbins, D., Robinson, A., 2022. Assessment of Muscle Function. In: Chockalingam, N. (ed.), 2022. Technologies and Techniques in Gait Analysis: Past, present and future (Institution of Engineering & Technology, 1st edition), pp. 109-138.

Robbins, D., 2022. Muscle Biomechanics. In: Innocenti, B., Galbusera, F. (Eds.), 2022. Human Orthopaedic Biomechanics (Amsterdam: Elsevier).

Robbins, D., 2014. An introduction to signal processing using MatLab and Microsoft Excel. In: Naik, G. R. (Ed.), 2014. Applications, Challenges, and Advancements in Electromyography Signal Processing (Antwerp: IGI Global).

Robbins, D., Zeinstra, E., 2014. Muscle Action. In: Rieger, T., Naclerio, F., Jiménez, A., Moody, J., 2014. Foundations for Exercise Professionals (Illinois: Human Kinetics).

Robbins, D., Goss-Sampson, M., 2016. Skeletal Articulations and Movement. In: Rieger, T., Jones, B., Jiménez, A., 2016. EuropeActive's Essentials for Personal Trainers (Illinois: Human Kinetics).

Recent presentations and conferences

  • Taniacao, M. H., Robbins, D., Nobbenhuis, M., Ind, T., Chandrasekaran, D., 2021. The impact of obesity on the surgical outcome in women with early-stage endometrial cancer who underwent minimal invasive robotically assisted surgery: A retrospective cohort study. British and Irish Robotic Gynaecology Society (BIARGS) Annual Conference. London. Poster Presentation.
  • Hawkey, A., Hockey, P., Bedford, K., and Robbins, D., 2017. Investigating the effects of vibration on mechanical efficiency during cycling. BASES-FEPSAC Conference, East Midlands Conference Centre, Poster presentation.
  • Howes, E., Moss, R., McCarthy, J., and Robbins, D., 2017. The influence of manual therapy mediums on coefficient of friction. Clinical Biomechanics conference, University of Staffordshire. Oral Presentation.
  • Bateman, C., Moss, R., McCarthy, J., and Robbins, D., 2017. Static vs. dynamic analysis of the foot. Clinical Biomechanics conference, University of Staffordshire. Oral Presentation.
  • Lane, C., McCarthy, J., and Robbins, D., 2017. Investigating the relationship between surface EMG amplitude and muscle contraction force. Clinical Biomechanics conference, University of Staffordshire. Oral Presentation.
  • Christopher Bateman, Callum Carter, Lucy Hammond & Dan Robbins, 2017. Hip rotation & footprint index. BASES Student Conference, University of St Mark and St John poster presentation.
  • Lauren Howard, Charlotte Poynter, Samantha Barry-Wilson & Daniel Robbins, 2017. Taping pressures of experienced and novice MSK therapists. BASES Student Conference, University of St Mark and St John Poster Presentation.