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Professor Nick Drydakis

Professor of Economics

Director of the Centre for Inclusive Societies and Economies (CISE)

Faculty of Business and Law
Economics, Finance and Law
Areas of Expertise:
Economics , Business Management , Human Resources Management , Business, management and leadership
Research Supervision:

Nick is a world-leading researcher in labour economics. His contribution in the 2014 REF exercise was 'excellent'. He is ready to contribute to the 2021 REF exercise with four single-author papers, internationally rated as world-leading at the ABS Level (4444).

[email protected]

View Nick's IZA profile


Professor Drydakis serves as the founding Director of the Centre for Inclusive Societies and Economies, formerly known as the Centre for Pluralist Economics. He acts as an ad-hoc consultant to the International Labour Organization (United Nations) and the European Commission. Additionally, he holds the position of Subject Editor and Spokesperson at the IZA World of Labor program, focusing on areas such as inequality, poverty, and discrimination. The IZA World of Labor program is a collaboration between the IZA, the OECD, and the World Bank.

Over the past decade, Professor Drydakis has developed and delivered credit-eligible courses to economics students from Ivy League universities in the US, such as Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University, the University of California, Berkeley, Stanford University, and Yale University. These courses are offered through Pembroke College at the University of Cambridge, where Professor Drydakis serves as Course Lead.

Professor Drydakis has utilized his frameworks, namely the ‘Business Applications Training Intervention’ and the ‘Artificial Intelligence Capital’ framework, to deliver training to entrepreneurs, SMEs and university students in European countries. This training focuses on the utilization of business apps, AI apps, and AI in both business operations and learning.

His research outcomes have been published in esteemed international journals, including: Oxford Economic Papers, Labour Economics, Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Journal of Economics, Journal of Population Economics, Review of Economics of the Household, Social Science and Medicine, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Human Relations, European Journal of Health Economics, Economics Letters, Sociology of Health and Illness, and Information Systems Frontiers.

Spoken Languages



Research interests

  • Labour economics
  • Population economics
  • Health economics
  • AI in business and economics

Areas of research supervision

  • Economics of inequality
  • Economics of financial crises and health
  • Digitalization and business realities
  • Modern slavery


Professor Drydakis has teaching expertise in leading undergraduate and postgraduate modules, such as:

  • Microeconomics
  • Macroeconomics
  • Public Economics
  • Industrial Organisation
  • Economics of Inequality, Discrimination, Poverty, and Exploitation
  • Economics of Growth and Development
  • Research Methods
  • Labour and Applied Economics
  • Mathematics
  • Statistics
  • Econometrics
  • Business Digital Applications
  • AI in Business and Economics
  • Digital Entrepreneurship


  • PG Cert in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, Anglia Ruskin University, UK
  • PhD in Economics, University of Crete, Greece
  • MSc in Economics, Athens University of Economics and Business, Greece
  • BSc in Economics, University of Crete, Greece

Memberships, editorial boards

  • Research Fellow, Institute of Labor Economics (Germany)
  • Subject Editor and Spokesperson, IZA World of Labor (Germany)
  • Fellow and Cluster Lead, Global Labor Organisation (Germany)
  • Academic Expert, Centre for Science and Policy, University of Cambridge (UK)
  • Course Lead, Academic Associate, and Lecturer, Pembroke College, University of Cambridge (UK)
  • Section Editor, Handbook of Labor, Human Resources, and Population Economics (Springer)
  • Associate Editor, International Journal of Manpower (Emerald)
  • Ad-hoc Consultant, International Labour Organization, United Nations (France)
  • Ad-hoc Consultant, European Commission (Brussels)
  • Senior Fellow, Higher Education Academy (UK)

Research grants, consultancy, knowledge exchange

Since 2020 (selected):

  • Role: Co-Investigator and Project Lead. Title of the Project: Co-Creating Assets and Place-Based Approaches to Tackling Refugee and Migrant Health Exclusion. Funding Body: Arts and Humanities Research Council (UK). Duration: 2024-2027.
  • Role: Co-Investigator and Project Lead. Title of the Project: A Study on the Employment and Wage Outcomes of Persons Living with a Same-sex Partner. Funding Body: International Labour Organization (United Nations). Duration: 2023-2024.
  • Role: Sole Investigator. Official Project Deliverable: Gross Disposable Household Income Per Capita Growth. Funding Body: European Commission: European Centre of Expertise (ECE) in the Field of Labour Law, Employment, and Labour Market Policies. Duration: 2021-2022.
  • Role: Project Lead, UK Management Committee Member, and Researcher. Title of the Project: Social and Economic (In)Equalities in the Labour Market, COST-EU Horizon 2020 Programme. Funding Body: European Commission. Duration: 2020-2024

Selected recent publications

Since the new REF period (i.e., 2021):

  • Nick Drydakis (2024, in-print). Artificial Intelligence Capital and Employment Prospects. Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press.
  • Nick Drydakis (2023, on-line first). Health Inequalities Among People Experiencing Food Insecurity. An Intersectional Approach, Sociology of Health and Illness. Wiley Publishing.
  • Nick Drydakis (2023). Forced Labor and Health-Related Outcomes. The Case of Beggar Children. Child Abuse and Neglect, Elsevier Publishing, 146(December): 106490.
  • Nick Drydakis, Anna Paraskevopoulou and Vasiliki Bozani (2023). A Field Study of Age Discrimination in the Workplace: The Importance of Gender and Race‒Pay the Gap. Employee Relations, Emerald Publishing, 45(2): 304-327.
  • Nick Drydakis (2022). Artificial Intelligence and Reduced SMEs’ Business Risks. A Dynamic Capabilities Analysis During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Information Systems Frontiers, Springer Publishing, 24: 1223–1247.
  • Nick Drydakis (2022). The Perceived Social Rejection of Sexual Minorities: Substance Use and Unprotected Sexual Intercourse. Drug and Alcohol Review, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 41(6): 1341-1354.
  • Nick Drydakis (2022). Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Labor Market Against Gay Men. Review of Economics of the Household, Springer Publishing, 20: 1027–1058.
  • Nick Drydakis (2022). Sexual Orientation and Earnings: A Meta-Analysis 2012–2020. Journal of Population Economics, Springer Publishing, 35: 409–440.
  • Nick Drydakis (2022). Adverse Working Conditions and Immigrants’ Physical Health and Depression Outcomes: A Longitudinal Study in Greece. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Springer Publishing, 95: 539–556.
  • Nick Drydakis (2022). Social Rejection, Family Acceptance, Economic Recession, and Physical and Mental Health of Sexual Minorities. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, Springer Publishing, 19: 1318–1340.
  • Nick Drydakis (2022). Sex Workers’ Self-Reported Physical and Mental Health in Greece. A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study in 2009, 2013 and 2019. Culture Health and Sexuality, Taylor and Francis Publishing, 24(11): 1514-1530.
  • Nick Drydakis (2021). Mobile Applications Aiming to Facilitate Immigrants’ Societal Integration and Overall Level of Integration, Health and Mental Health. Does Artificial Intelligence Enhance Outcomes? Computers in Human Behavior, Elsevier Publishing, 117(April): 106661.

Recent presentations and conferences

  • Event: Cambridge Festival. Hosts: Anglia Ruskin University and the University of Cambridge. Presentation: Modern Slavery, Forced Labour, Child Beggars and Health Outcomes.
  • Event: Disability Week Events. Host: Anglia Ruskin University. Presentation: What Works in Reducing Unemployment, Wage Gaps, and Job Dissatisfaction Among People with Health Limitations?
  • Event: Pride Week Events. Host: Anglia Ruskin University. The Economics of Being.
  • Event: Minerva Lab Seminars. Host: University of Rome. Presentation: Age Discrimination in the Workplace.
  • Event: University of Neapolis Seminars. Host: University of Neapolis. Presentation: Artificial Intelligence and Reduced SMEs’ Business Risks.
  • Event: UK Academy for Information Systems Seminars. Host: UK Academy for Information Systems. Presentation: SMEs’ Business Risks due to the COVID-19 pandemic and Artificial Intelligence.

Media experience

  • Professor Drydakis’ research has garnered global media attention, leading to interviews with various outlets, including CNN, CBS, NBC, The Wall Street Journal, The Daily Record, The New York Daily News, Yahoo! News, The Huffington Post, Business Insider, The Daily Mail, The Daily Telegraph, The Washington Post, Good Morning America, United Press International, The Daily Mirror, Times Higher Education, Bloomberg, BBC World Radio, and The Independent.