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Dr Monika Formankiewicz

Associate Professor
Faculty of Science and Engineering
Vision and Hearing Sciences
Areas of Expertise:
Health, social care and medical innovation

Monika is a registered optometrist. She's interested in the basic mechanisms of spatial vision and in how images are combined across the two eyes, as well as in human colour vision.

[email protected]


Monika is a Senior Lecturer in our Department of Vision and Hearing Sciences and a member of the Vision and Hearing Sciences Research Group. She graduated from the University of New South Wales (Sydney, Australia) with a first class honours degree in optometry and obtained a PhD from the University of Cambridge.

Research interests
  • Binocular aspects of vision, ie how two eyes combine similar and dissimilar information
  • Development of normal vision and amblyopia (lazy eye)
  • Crowding and contour interaction
  • Colour vision – basic mechanisms of how colour is perceived as well as clinical testing of colour vision

BOptom (Hons) Optometry, BSc (Hons) Ophthalmic Dispensing

  • Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching and Learning, Anglia Ruskin University
  • PhD, University of Cambridge
  • Bachelor of Optometry (1st Class Hons), University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Memberships, editorial boards
  • Registered with the General Optical Council
  • Member, College of Optometrists
  • Member, Association of Optometrists
  • Fellow, Higher Education Academy
Selected recent publications

Formankiewicz, M.A. and Waugh, S.J., 2013. The effects of blur and eccentric viewing on adult acuity for pediatric tests: implications for amblyopia detection. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 54(10), pp.6934-6943.

Hairol, M.I., Formankiewicz, M.A. and Waugh, S.J., 2013. Foveal visual acuity is worse and shows stronger contour interaction effects for contrast-modulated than luminance-modulated Cs. Visual Neuroscience, 30(3), pp.105-120.

Thomas, P.B., Formankiewicz, M.A. and Mollon, J.D., 2011. The effect of photopigment optical density on the color vision of the anomalous trichromat. Vision Research, 51(20), pp.2224-2233.

Formankiewicz, M.A., Waugh S.J. and Hairol, M.I., 2012. The effects of termination rules on contour interaction in a resolution acuity task with luminance-modulated and contrast-modulated Cs. Perception (ECVP Abstract Supplement), 41, p.156.

Lalor, S.J.H., Formankiewicz, M.A., Waugh, S.J., 2012. Could contrast-modulated optotypes aid in the detection of amblyopia? Perception (ECVP Abstract Supplement), 41, p.156.

Chima, A.S., Waugh, S.J. and Formankiewicz, M.A., 2012. The effect of blur on interocular suppression of luminance-modulated and contrast-modulated stimuli. Perception (ECVP Abstract Supplement), 41, p.82.

Waugh, S.J., Formankiewicz, M. and Polczyk-Przbyla, J.A., 2011. Effects of imposed Gaussian blur on contour interaction for luminance-modulated and contrast-modulated noisy Cs. Journal of Vision, 11(11), p.1151.

Formankiewicz, M., Waugh, S.J. and Chima, A.S., 2011. Contour interaction under monocular and dichoptic viewing conditions for luminance-modulated and contrast-modulated Cs. Journal of Vision, 11(11), p.1147.

Ahmad, N., Waugh, S.J. and Formankiewicz, M., 2011. Dioptric blur affects grating acuity more than letter acuity for contrast-modulated stimuli. Journal of Vision, 11(11), p.1189.

Hairol, M.I., Formankiewicz, M. and Waugh, S.J., 2010. Visual acuity and contour interaction for luminance-modulated and contrast-modulated Cs in normal foveal vision. Journal of Vision, 10(7), p.1332.

Formankiewicz, M., Hairol, M.I. and Waugh, S.J., 2010. Effects of contrast on foveal acuity and contour interaction using luminance and contrast modulated Cs. Journal of Vision, 10(7), p.1333.

Waugh, S.J., Formankiewicz, M., Ahmad, N. and Hairol, M.I., 2010. Effects of dioptric blur on foveal acuity and contour interaction for noisy Cs. Journal of Vision, 10(7), p.1330.